ગુજરાતી પ્રતિભા પરિચય

ગુજરાતનાં પનોતા સંતાનોનો પરિચય

ફાર્બસ સાહેબ


‘સંદેશ’ માં સરસ લેખ 

——————————————————–

નામ 

એલેક્ઝાંડર  કિન્લોક ફોર્બ્ઝ

જન્મ તારીખ

જન્મ સ્થળ

સ્કોટલેંન્ડ

અવસાન

31/08/1865 – પૂના

માતા

પિતા

લગ્ન

અભ્યાસ

વ્યવસાય

ભારતમાં અંગ્રેજ અમલદાર તરીકે (વિવિધ સ્થાનો પર)

જીવન ઝરમર

  • નવેમ્બર , 1846, અંગ્રેજ સિવિલ સર્વિસના ઉચ્ચ અમલદાર તરીકે ભારતમાં આગમન
  • અમદાવાદના આસિસ્ટંટ કલેક્ટર તરીકે પોસ્ટીંગ
  • બે જ મહિનામાં ગુજરાતી ભાષા શીખી ગયા
  • કવિ દલપતરામ સાથે મિત્રતા
  • ગુજરાતના વારસા રૂપ  ચિત્રકળા-શિલ્પકળાની દુર્લભ હસ્તપ્રતોની નકલો કરાવી
  • પગપાળા ફરી અનેક શિલાલેખો, તામ્રપત્રો, લોકકથાનો સંગ્રહ કરાવ્યો,
  • રાસમાળાનું સંપાદન
  • ગુજરાત વર્નાક્યુલર સોસાયટીની સ્થાપના
  • 1849 –  “નેટિવ લાયબ્રેરી” ખુલ્લું મૂક્યું, સાપ્તાહિક શરૂ કરાવ્યાં,
  • 1850 – સુરત ખાતે બદલી,
  • 1861 મુંબઈ પોસ્ટિંગ, મુંબઈ યુનિવર્સિટીના વાઈસ ચાન્સેલર પદે પણ રહ્યા,
  • મુંબઈ માં “ગુજરાતી સભા” ની સ્થાપના,
  • 1865 પૂના ખાતે દેહવિલય.

પ્રદાન

ગુજરાતી ભાષાના ઉધ્ધાર અર્થે જીવન સમર્પિત કરનાર ફાર્બસ સાહેબે ગુજરાતના વારસા રૂપ  ચિત્રકળા-શિલ્પકળાના અમૂલ્ય નમૂનાઓને સાચવવા પ્રયત્નો કર્યા અને ચિત્રકળા-શિલ્પકળાની દુર્લભ હસ્તપ્રતોની નકલો કરાવી, અનેક શિલાલેખો, તામ્રપત્રો, લોકકથાનો સંગ્રહ કરાવ્યો, રાસમાળાનું સંપાદન: પૃથુરાજ રાસો, વસ્તુપાળ રાસો, કુમારપાળ રાસો વગેરે

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9 responses to “ફાર્બસ સાહેબ

  1. Pingback: મધુસંચય

  2. કસુંબલ રંગનો વૈભવ સપ્ટેમ્બર 27, 2006 પર 8:09 એ એમ (am)

    saras maja aavi farbs , ane dalpatrama vishe vadhu vanchava malyu….ane ramanlala nilkanth tatha…..vidhyagouri nilakant vishe pan…gujarati …sahiytyane…….net upar aatali saras rite pirsva badal abahar
    babu rabari ahmedabad.

  3. સુરેશ જાની જાન્યુઆરી 31, 2008 પર 3:01 પી એમ(pm)

    તેમના જીવન વીશે એક સરસ લેખ વાંચો –
    http://www.aarpar.com/web%20327/pdf/garvagujarati.pdf

  4. સુરેશ જાની ઓગસ્ટ 7, 2008 પર 5:16 એ એમ (am)

    Alexander Kinloch Forbes (1821-1865) was a scholar of the Gujarati language and a colonial administrator in British India. In 1848 he started the Gujarat Vernacular Society in Ahmedabad, which contributed to a literary renaissance in Gujarati. The Forbes Gujarati Sabha, Mumbai, a modern learned body devoted to study of the Gujarati language and literature, is named after him. This institution is currently working in the field of literature, teaching, research and book publishing.
    Looking back at the past might well be a no-no for an Indian on the threshold of the 21st century. But a few thinkers and intellectuals from Mumbai and Gujarat got together to look back, not with a critical eye on olden times, but with a keen desire to understand the most turbulent of recent centuries, the 19th century.
    This study has been initiated by the 160-year-old Shree Forbes Gujarati Sabha, Mumbai’s the second-oldest library and research center. It has begun forming a group of intellectuals to study the growth and development, the shortcomings and failures, of 19th century life in what used to be known as the Bombay Presidency — an area stretching from Lahore in the north to Karwar in the south during the British India. The Sabha, has a rich collection of books on various topics and research material and manuscripts related to the 19th century. To preserve this heritage CD-ROM’s have been produced by the Sabha under a programme of digitization of the 19th Century Gujarati publications. These digital E-books cover the wide range of topics including Gujarati language, literature, history etc.
    Cortsey – Dipak Mehta/ Lalit Shah

    • Arvind Bhatt સપ્ટેમ્બર 2, 2013 પર 3:52 એ એમ (am)

      I have been studying Forbes, Dalpatram and the parivartan in the 19th century – have written article in the Traimasik and given papers at confernces. Am coming to Amdavad for the Feb 19-20 conf of the Guj Studies Association. I would like help in accomodation and guidance when I come to Mumbai for further research in Jan- Feb 2014. Want to find out where in Pune Forbes is buried so I can salute him. Please include me in scholars who are working in this field. I live in Leicester and know no one in Mumbai. Help!!
      Arvind Bhatt, email: arvbhatt@gmail.com

  5. Arvind Bhatt ઓગસ્ટ 18, 2010 પર 10:05 એ એમ (am)

    I am researching the life of Alexander Forbes and his friendship with Dalpatram. My aim is to study how and why these two got together across race, culture and power boundaries (despite TB Macaulays insistence on English) and what this legacy means to today’s Gujarat and Gujarati diaspora – how is Gujarati seen as an ‘idenity’ by Gujaratis in and out of Gujarat and what political and educational issues impact on the development of Gujarati as a modern language. Getting books from India is a problem for me living in Leicester, UK – eg ‘Gujarati vernacular societyno itithas’ and ‘Kavisvar Dalpatram’. Any help will be greatly appreciated and acknowledged.

  6. Pingback: અનુક્રમણિકા – પ , ફ | ગુજરાતી પ્રતિભા પરિચય

  7. Pingback: ‘ગુજરાતી પ્રતિભા પરિચય’ – એક અભ્યાસ | ગુજરાતી પ્રતિભા પરિચય

  8. સુરેશ જુલાઇ 3, 2016 પર 10:38 એ એમ (am)

    શ્રી, મહેન્દ્ર ઠાકર/ વિનોદ ભટ્ટના ઈમેલ પરથી…
    Alexander Kinloch Forbes (Gujarati: એલેક્ઝાન્ડર કિન્લોક ફૉર્બસ) (1821–1865) was a scholar of the Gujarati languageand a colonial administrator in British India.

    Forbes was born in 1821.[1]

    Forbes arrived in India in 1843 and was appointed as a civil servant in Bombay Province. He was appointed as assistant judge in Ahmedabad where he noted the absence of literary society.
    [1]He met Dalpatram, a Gujarati poet, in 1848 who taught him Gujarati while Forbes encouraged him to write in Gujarati. They became close friends. He inspired Dalpatram to write Laxmi Natakpublished in 1849, the first play in Gujarati, based on Greek drama Plutus.
    [2][3]
    On 26 December 1848 he started the Gujarat Vernacular Society in Ahmedabad, which contributed to a literary renaissance in Gujarati. The fund of Rs 9601 was raised from locals, Baroda State and British officers. The society started the first public library, first school for girls, first periodical, first newspaper and first literary magazine of Gujarat.
    [1] He also founded Andrews Library in Surat in 1850 and Gujarati Sabha in Bombay in 1865. Gujarati Sabha was later renamed Farbas Gujarati Sabha after him. He organized conclave of Gujarati poets in 1852 at Idar State. Dalpatram’s Farbesvilas was an account of these conclave.
    [2][3] He visited many Jain libraries in search of bards who told the stories of history of Gujarat. In 1856, he published Rasmala which

    documented the history from 8th century to arrival of British and folk literature of Gujarat in two volumes.
    [2][4]It was later translated into Gujarati by Ranchhodlal Udayaram Dave in 1869.
    [3]
    As an administrator, he served various post in cities like Ahmedabad, Surat,
    Bombay and finally at Pune, where he died in 1865. Dalpatram composed Farbesvirah, a Gujarati elegy in his memory.
    [2][3]

    Regards,

    Vinod Bhat

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